Five common mental disorders in Bucaramanga


Home »Health» Five frequent mental disorders in Bucaramanga January 10, 2022

Statistics show that in recent years in Bucaramanga there has been an increase in consultations and care in the health system, linked to conditions, alterations and abnormalities related to behavior and emotional imbalances.

According to data classified and published by the Ministry of Health, based on the EPS and IPS reports, there are five mental disorders that generate most of the care in the capital Santander.

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Some of the most common ailments in the “beautiful city” include, for example, impairments related to emotional problems or low self-esteem. Likewise, authorities warn that images of stress, angst and disproportionate worry are prompting thousands of consultations.

Experts recommend to the public that in the face of persistent and frequent changes, without apparent motive or cause, in factors and areas such as humor, relationships with others, social interactions and the like, it is preferable seek professional help immediately. and prevent the situation or the particular case from worsening. (See box)

Below, we present the statistics compiled by the Ministry of Health, on the five disorders that most affected the population of Bumanguesa, between 2016 and 2020.

1. Mental and behavioral

This is by far the most common disorder in Bumanga. It is estimated that 6.41% of citizens suffer from these types of conditions, which can cause situations like emotional ups and downs and sudden mood swings.

A total of 121,054 services provided between 2016 and 2020 were counted; In this last period alone, 28,000 visits were reported, for an average of more than 550 weekly services.

During this period, the rate of citizens served increased from 4.57% to 6.41%.

Mental and behavioral disorders, as warned by experts, can cause disorders such as depression and bipolar disorder, as well as physical problems due to disorders such as problems sleeping.

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2. Neurotic and somatoform

This type of illness is characterized by feelings and thoughts of “irrational fear, high anxiety,” explains Minsalud. These disorders can also cause physical conditions, such as loss of appetite, rapid heartbeat, heavy sweating, among other symptoms.

Health authorities indicate that it is a “somatoform” disorder when mental or emotional disturbances cause problems such as body pain or severe fatigue, so that routine tasks are considerably difficult.

According to statistics, between 2016 and 2020, 38,242 Bumanguees were treated by the health system due to this type of disorder.

3. Humor (emotional)

This disorder could even lead to “manic” episodes if professional care is not provided on time. Depressive images, irritability or excessive euphoria for several days or a long time are an indicator of this affectation.

Patients, health officials explain, do not respond to emotional disturbances as they should or normally do.

Between 2016 and 2020, the percentage of the population treated for mood disorders increased from 1.11% to 2.23%.

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4. Organic mind

Specialists explain that this type of disorder is directly linked to the functioning of the brain, with psychological and behavioral disorders.

According to what has been warned by the Minsalud, this type of condition worsens and can end in severe cases, for example, with additional problems such as the consumption of alcohol and psychoactive drugs. Episodes of dementia and delirium, among others, can be generated.

In the period analyzed, 13,184 services were provided in Bucaramanga, and the percentage of care in the population increased from 0.40% to 0.68%.

5. Emotional and behavioral in childhood and adolescence

The Ministry of Health specifies that this type of problem “generally appears between 10 and 15 years”.

“They have been associated with the presence of alcohol and other psychoactive substance use, dropping out of school, criminal behavior and other social problems. Nutritional problems, perinatal injuries, a lack of early stimulation, among others, have been linked, ”adds Minsalud.

A total of 12,526 attentions were recorded in the capital Santander between 2016 and 2020, a period during which the percentage of services provided fell from 0.38% to 0.55%.

Support channels and programs

Since the last quarter of last year, the government of Santander has implemented a new line of mental health care, through which cases requiring assistance are approached in a preliminary manner, the advice and support of which the affected person needs are provided.

“The new mobile line 317 440 2158 will improve the accessibility of the population of Santander, so that by phone they receive emotional attention, crisis intervention or channeling services to a greater degree of complexity in case they would need it. The two lines are completely free and will operate continuously 24 hours a day, ”indicated the Departmental Government.

The other phone number available for Santander is 697 0000 extensions 1114 and 1123.

Between August and December 2021, the Municipality of Bucaramanga carried out 1,275 home visits to carry out free mental health checks with the elderly population. According to what was identified, “42% of the population evaluated presented indicators of depression, cognitive or emotional deficit”.

The Municipality’s Social Development Secretariat specified that 277 “psychosocial workshops” were organized, from which 6,689 elderly people benefited.

The Bucaramanga Institute of Health, Isabu, has the ‘Línea Amiga’ via the mobile number 318 548 9377, with professional attention every day between 9:00 a.m. and 9:00 p.m.

Given: between 2016 and 2020 in Bucaramanga 6,001 people were treated for disorders due to the use of psychoactive substances


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